The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for our teeth. Together these structures are referred to as the periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium (gum disease) may be as follows: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. Any of these signs may mean something is wrong. With the proper care, however, it may be possible to return them to a healthy state. This is where appropriate gum treatments come in. If you’re having a problem, come in and see us so we can take care of it right away. The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing often done with a local anesthetic, and possibly local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease gets too severe it may need to be treated through surgery, extraction, or we may refer you to a specialist (Periodontist). This is why it is important to receive routine care, so that we can identify risk factors before your oral health deteriorates due to this disease process.